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“2017-2018学年河南省三门峡市高三英语上学期期末考试试题”由人教版教师资源网精心整理,注册即可下载!

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河南省三门峡市2018届高三英语上学期期末考试试题

注意事项:

1.本试卷分第I卷(选择题)和第II卷(非选择题)。

2.答第I卷时,考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在答题卡上。

3.选出每小题答案后,用2B铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑,如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号框。不能答在试卷上,否则无效。

4.考试结束后,将答题卡交回。

第I卷

第一部分听力

第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1.HowoldisJanenow?

A.27B.22C.29

2.Whatdoesthewomansuggest?

A.Themanshouldn’thavestoppedplayingfootball

B.Themanshouldneverplayfootballagain

C.Themanshouldn’tplayfootballsosoon

3.What’stherelationshipbetweenthetwospeakers?

A.SecretaryandbossB.DoctorandpatientC.Oldclassmates

4.Whatdoyouthinktheman’sjob?

A.HeisastorekeeperB.HeisamanagerC.Heissalesman

5.Howdoesthemanfeel?

A.Theholidaypassedquicklyforhim,too

B.He’ssurprisedtohearwhatthewomansaid

C.Thewomanalreadytoldhimaboutherholiday

第二节?(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

?听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第6段材料,回答第6-8题。

6.Howmanycornersdoesthemanhavetoturn?

A.OneB.TwoC.Three

7.Whatwillthemanwanttofindabankfor?

A.Hewantstokeepsomemoney

B.Hewantstochangehismoney

C.Hewantstoborrowsomemoney

8.Whereisthepostoffice?

A.Ontheleftofthebignewshoppingcenter

B.Ontherightofthebignewshoppingcenter

C.Inthebignewshoppingcenter

听第7段材料,回答第9-11题。

9.Whathappenswhentheyarewalkinginthestreet?

A.TheyseeaFirstAidcarcoming

B.Theyseeamanlyingontheground

C.Theyseeamanfallingofftheladder

10.Whatdotheydo?

A.TheycalltheFirstAidCenterforhelp

B.Theymovehimtothesideofthestreet

C.Theytakehimtothenearesthospital

11.Whichofthefollowingmightbetrue?

A.Theboyandthegirlarenursesanddoctors

B.Themanmustbebadlyinjured

C.Thepolicecomeandhelp

听第8段材料,回答第12-14题。

12.Whatdothetwosonsdo?

A.Theyarebothworkers

B.Theyarebothstudents

C.Oneisaprofessor,theotherisastudent

13.Whatistheyoungersonlike?

A.Heiscrazy

B.Helikestomakemoremoney

C.Heprefersplayingtennistoworkingonbooks

14.Whatistheoldersongoingtodo?

A.Hewantstowinalltheprizesintheexam

B.Hewantstobeaprofessorinuniversity

C.Hewantstogotouniversityforhighereducation

听第9段材料,回答第15-17题。

15.Whatisthegirllikelytobe?

A.AsingerB.AnactressC.Ateacher

16.Whydoesthegirlwanttotakeupsinging?

A.Herparentsagreetoheridea

B.Sheisgoodatsinging

C.Shewantstopleasetheaudience

17.Whatdotheyoungman’sparentswanthimtodo?

A.TogotoanartcollegeB.TomeettheaudienceC.Tosingsongs

听第10段材料,回答第18-20题。

18.Whathappenswhenrainforestsaredestroyed?

A.Manyplantsandanimalsdieout

B.Thereisalotmorerain

C.Manypeoplebecomesick

19.WhathashappenedtotheAmazonrainforest?

A.Theweatherconditionsintherainforesthavechanged

B.Thenumberofpeoplelivingtherehasincreased

C.Muchoftherainforesthasbeenusedtoplantcrops

20.Howmanypeopleliveinrainforests?

A.FifteenmillionB.AboutfiftymillionC.Onehundredmillion

第二部分:阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

Astudyof14yearsofpatientdatafromtheIntermountainMedicalCenterHeartInstituteinUtah,US,foundthattheriskofaheartattackorchestpaindoubledforpeopleoftypeA,B,orABbloodwhenpollutionhitshighlevels.

Incontrasttheriskroseonlyroseby40percentforthosewithtypeO.“Theassociationbetweenheartattacksandpollutioninpatientswithnon-Obloodisn'tsomethingtopanicover,butitissomethingtobeawareof,”saidDrBenjaminHorne,aclinicalepidemiologist(流行病学家)andleadinvestigatorofthestudyfromtheIntermountainMedicalCenterHeartInstituteinSaltLakeCity.

“Intheinformationweprovidetoourpatientsaboutpollution,wetrytostressthattheycandosomethingaboutittoreducetheirrisks:Stayindoorsoutofpollution.Exerciseindoors.”

AirpollutioninBritainisthoughttocontributetoaround40,000earlydeathsayear,accordingtotheRoyalCollegesofPhysiciansandofPaediatricsandChildHealth.

RecentresearchbytheWorldHealthOrganisationfoundthat44majorUKtownsandcitiesnowbreachWHOguidelinesonairqualitywithparticulatelevelssohightheycausesixmillionsickdayseachyear.

Safelevelsofairpollutionaregenerallyconsideredtobeunder20microgramspercubicmetre,butduringlevelsofhighpollution,thePM2.5count-themeasureofsmallparticulatesintheair-raisetoaround60microgramspercubicmetre.InLondonithasbeenknowntoriseto197.

Thestudyfoundthatforeveryadditional10microgramsover20,therisktopeoplewithtypeA,B,orABbloodincreasedby25percent,butonlyby10percentforpeoplewithtypeO.

Around55percentofpeopleareA,B,orABandtheyarethoughttobeatgreaterriskofheartproblemsbecausetheirbloodcontainsgreaterquantitiesofaclottingagent.

21.WhichofthefollowingisCORRECT?

A.WhenpollutionhitshighlevelsforpeopleoftypeA,B,orABblood,theriskofaheartattackorchestpaindoubledcomparedwiththepeopleoftypeO.

B.WhenpollutionhitshighlevelsforpeopleoftypeA,B,orABbloodtheriskofaheartattackorchestpainroseonlyby40percent.

C.Therelationshipbetweenheartattacksandpollutioninpatientswithnon-Oblooddoesn’tneedtopanicover

D.SafelevelsofthePM2.5countaregenerallyconsideredunder60microgramspercubicmetre

22.Whatdoestheword“break”inthefifthparagraphmean?

A.达到B.违反C.符合D.低于

23.Ithasbeenfoundthatforeveryadditional10microgramsover20,peoplewithtypeA,B,orABbloodhavea____higherriskofheartattackthanpeoplewithtypeO

A.15%B.20%C.25%D.10%

TaykaHotelDeSal

Where:Tahua,Bolivia

Howmuch:About$95anight

Whyit’scool:You’restayedathotelsmadeofbrickorwood,butsalt?That’ssomethingfewcanclaim.TaykaHoteldeSalismadetotallyofsalt—includingthebeds(thoughyou’llsleeponregularmattresses(床垫)andblankets).ThehotelsitsontheSalardeUyuni,aprehistoricdried-uplakethat’stheworld’sbiggestsaltflat.Buildersusethesaltfromthe4,633-square-mileflattomakethebricks,andgluethemtogetherwithapasteofwetsaltthathardenswhenitdries.Whenrainstartstodissolvethehotel,theownersjustmixupmoresaltpastetostrengthenthebricks.

GreenMagicNatureResort

Where:Vythiri,India

Howmuch:About$240anight

Whyit’scool:Riddingapulley(滑轮)-operatedlift86feettoyourtreetoproomisjustthestartofyouradventure.Asyoulookoutofyouropenwindow—thereisnoglass!—youwatchmonkeysandbirdsintherainforestcanopy.Lateryoumighttestyourfearofheightsbycrossingthehandmaderopebridgetothemainpartofthehotel,orjustsitonyourbamboobedandread.Youdon’tevenhavetocomedownforbreakfast—thehotelwillsendituponthepulley-drawn“elevator”.

DogBarkParkInnB&B

Where:Cottonwood,Idaho

Howmuch:$92anight

Whyit’scool:Thisdoghouseisn’tjustforthefamilypet.SweetWillyisa30-foot-talldogwithguestroomsinhisbelly.Climbthewoodenstairsbesidehishindlegtoenterthedoorinhisside.Youcanrelaxinthemainbedroom,goupafewstepstotheloftinWilly’shead,orhangoutinsidehisnose.Althoughyouhaveafullprivatebathroominyourquarters,thereisalsoatoiletinthe12-foot-tallfirehydrantoutsid

Don’tworry—thereisheatinwinter.)

24.Whatisthesimilarityofthefourhotels?

A.Beingexpensive.B.Beingunique..C.Beingbeautiful?D.Beingnatural.

25.Whatdoestheunderlinepart“SweetWilly”referto?

A.Thenameofthehotel.

B.Thenameofapetdogofthehotelowner.

C.Thenameofthehotelowner.

D.ThebuildingofDogBarkParkInnB&B.

26.Whichofthehotelmakesyouhaveafeelingoflivinginthefarpast?

A.GamirasuCaveHotelB.GreenMagicNatureResort

C.DogBarkParkInnB&BD.TaykaHotelDeSal

27.Whatmaybethepurposeofthewriterwritingthepassage?

A.Toshowhiswideknowledge.B.Toattractattentionfromthereaders.

C.Todevelopbusinessintourism.D.Tointroducesomeinterestinghotels.

Whataboutyourperformanceattoday’sclass?Areyouactiveenoughtofocusonthelessons?Nowadaysitiscommontoseestudents’lazinessandproficiencyatclass.Andthatiswhyschoolsacrosstheworldaretryingtocomeupwithsolutionstokeepstudentsactive.Somearereplacingtraditionalclassroomchairswithexerciseballsorstandingdesks.AtWardElementarySchoolsinWinston,NorthCarolinastudentshaveadoptedanewprogramthatrequiresridingfixedbikeswhilereading.

‘ReadandRide’isthecreationofschoolcounselorScottErtl,whocameupwiththeideawhilehewasexercisingandreadingatthegym.Believingitwouldbeafunwaytoconvincestudentstobecomemoreactive,heplacedoneinthecornerofhisclassroomandencouragedthemtouseitduringindependentreadingclasses.

ItwassopopularthatErtldecidedtoaddmorebikesandoffertheReadandRideprogramtotheentireschool.TodayWardElementaryhasdedicated(专门)exerciseroomfilledwithbikesthatcanbeusedbystudentswhilecompletingtheirdailyreadingassignments.

Besidesmakingreadingmorefun,theprogramalsohelpsstudentsexerciseatacomfortablepacewithoutthepressurethatcomeswithregularsports-relatedactivities.Itisalsoaperfectwaytoreleaseenergyduringdayswhentheweatherisnothelpfultooutdooractivities.Whatismoreimportant,however,aretheprogram’sacademicbenefits.AyearafterReadandRidewasintroducedatWardElementarySchool,studentsactivelyinvolvedintheprogramdemonstratedanastonishing83%readingproficiency.Thosewhohadnottakenadvantageoftheexercisebikestestedatmuchlower41%.

Ofcoursetherearemanyotherprogramswhichhavegotgoodresultsas‘ReadandRide’.Thoughthesubstantialimprovementinacademicachievementcannotallbeattributedtoprogramslike‘ReadandRide’,expertsbelievetheyareasignificantcontributor.That’sbecausestudieshaveshownthatphysicalactivitystimulates(刺激)braincellshelpsprepareditforlearning.Sodon’tbesurprisedtofindmoreschoolsthecountrywilladopt“ReadandRide”fortheirstudents.

28.WhatisthenewprogramatWardElementarySchool?

A.KidsexciseballsintheclassroomB.Kidsridebikeswhentheyarereading

C.KidsattendreadingclassesatthegymD.Kidsstandonthedeskswhilereading

29.HowoldthestudentsatWardElementarySchoolbenefitfromtheprogram?

A.TheyexercisewithhighpressureB.Theybecomemoreactiveinsports

C.TheyfeelreadingfunandlearnbetterD.Theybecomemoreindependentinreading

30.Whichofthefollowingistheclosetsinthemeaningtotheunderlinedphraseinthelastparagraph?

A.beduetoB.beoccupiedwithC.bedevotedtoD.beaddictedto

31.Whatistheauthor’sattitudetowardsthisprogram?

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