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内容介绍

英语高考专题复习

短 文 改 错

By LiRongrong

How to do Proof-reading

Answer the questions

1.Have you ever made any mistakes in your everyday life?

2.What will you do if you make some mistakes in your life?

In our everyday life, if we make some mistakes, we should correct them, then we are still good fellows.

Chairman Mao's words

How to correct a composition

短文改错

What’s the main trouble when correcting a composition?

How to correct?

Any skills?

Any rules?

learning aims

1)识别错误 并正确校正语篇的能力

the ability to correct a composition

2)综合运用英语知识的能力

the ability to use English language

3)准确理解语篇,掌握内容及行文逻辑的能力

the ability to understand its content and

logical order

题型解读:短文改错题检测考生发现、判断、纠正文章错误的能力,进而考察学生的词法、句法及行文逻辑等方面的水平,考察学生在语篇中综合运用英语的能力。

命题特点:1)错误类型相对稳定(错词、多词、 缺词三种类型)

2)考点覆盖面广、分布合理

3)难度保持平稳。

试题的设问特征

(1)设问的角度有三个:词法,句法和行为逻辑。从着三个角度考察学生在语篇中综合运用英语知识的准确性。

(2)错词情况中,涉及动词的情况最多。

(3)多词错误中,多余的主要是介词,少词错误中,主要涉及介词或冠词。

(4)试题的这些设问特征为我们答题提供了重要的信息

一要注意动词的形态变化;

二要看人称代词的一致性和连接词的正确性;

三要根据单词在句子中的功能来确定词性:名词(通常作主 语,宾语),形容词(表语,定语)和副词(状语)

四要看是否多或少了介词或冠词。

Steps of correcting a composition:

1. Go through the whole passage to get a general idea .(浏览全文,掌握大意)

2. Read the passage sentence by sentence and find the mistakes.(分句阅读,逐句找错)

3. Read the passage for the third time, check the answers and correct the difficult ones.

(检查核对,攻克难点)

1. 核对错项时,若的确有一时难以改出的地方,可以参考所改动项是否基本符合“1:1:8”的比例。即多一词1个,缺词1个,错词8个。

2. 核对改正的语法项目是否有重复。因为短文改错往往覆盖面广,一般不会出现重复考查某个语法点的现象。

解题注意要点:

短文改错应注意的问题

四不改:

 ①标点符号不改。

 ②大小写不改。

 ③词序错误不改。

 ④在纲外生词不改。

五原则

1.忠实原文原则

2错误以改动最少为原则

3虚词以添加或删除为原则

4实词以改变形式为原则

5以多改少添加或删除为原则

短文改错

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线()划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

Dear Wang Ping,

I received your letter five days before. I`ve been thinking about the question you ask me. In my opinion, you should come back after you finish your studies at abroad. For one reason, that you are studying is bad needed nowadays in China. It will be quite easy of you to find a good job. In fact, I know that a few big company in our city are hoping to hire people like you. For other reason, I think it will be much more convenient for you to look after your parents as we are getting old. So I think it`s good idea for you to return. However,it`s up to you to make the final decision.

Best wishes.

Yours,

Li Hua

Dear Wang Ping,

I received your letter five days before. I`ve been thinking about the

question you ask me. In my opinion, you should come back after you

finish your studies at abroad. For one reason, that you are studying

is bad needed nowadays in China. It will be quite easy of you to find

a good job.

ago

asked

what

badly

for

In fact, I know that a few big company in our city are hoping to

hire people like you. For other reason, I think it will be much more

convenient for you to look after your parents as we are getting old.

So I think it`s good idea for you to return. However, it`s up to you

to make the final decision.

Best wishes.

Yours,

Li Hua

^

companies

another

they

一、动词形

1、动词的时态和语态错误,

2、主、谓不一致的错误。

1、 In Grand Eight I took physics. In one test I get only 36 percent of the answers correct.

got

2、Anyone can borrow books if he or she wish.

wishes

admitted

3、Today, I got a letter that said I had been admitting

to a college.

4.When he gets home, he saw the animal waiting at the door,

still wearing his jacket with the wallet in the pocket.

got

二、名词数

1、名词的单数、复数混淆

2、不可数名词

1 .…so that I’ll get good marks in all my subject.

2、Your knowledges of Greece can help the

whole class.

3.Personally, I found most lesson rather uninteresting.

subjects

knowledge

lessons

4.In summer, the sea under the blue skies is even more beautiful.

sky

wonderful

三、还要注意形和副

1.形容词修饰名词,be动词,系动词

2.副词修饰动词,形容词,过去分词,整个句子

3.比较级和最高级的使用

MET’95

I’m sure we’ll have a wonderfully time together.

NMET’99

Unfortunate, there are too many people in my family.

Unfortunately

I got to the finishing line first. I won the race. I felt very proudly of myself.

We can hear birds singing happy all around.

proud

happily

四、非谓语,细辨别

这是考查最多的错误形式之一。主要有现在分词、过去分词,动名词和不定式错误。

…, but now I am interesting in football.

Li Meng came see me every day.

to

interested

3. We all enjoyed this precious day greatly ,

remember the time we spent together and the people

they were familiar with.

4.

I could not to run very fast and fell behind.

remembering

人称代词,物主代词的使用.

2.反身代词oneself 的使用.

3.人称代词的主格和宾格.

4.不定代词的使用.

5.Both, all, either, neither, none的使用.

6. Whose 和who’s, its和 it’s的区别.

五、 代词格,细领悟

1,

I should be able to tell visitors about our history and culture and show them their great achievement.

2,

Just at that time I woke up and found me still in bed!

3,I heard that Mr. Wang would teach our English this term.

our

myself

us

主要考查固定短语,固定介词的搭配

形式主要有三种:多词、少词和搭配错误。

in hurry

in Sunday afternoon

express us

such many people

on

ourselves

so

六、习惯用法要记住

Because the help you gave me that

summer, my life changed.

of

七、句子成分多分析

I live in Beijing, where is the capital of China.

which

八、逻辑错误须关注

与句子的上、下文不一致,甚至相矛盾,属于逻辑性错误,如称谓上的张冠李戴。

The Smiths did his best to make me feel at home.

their

1. 冠词a, an和the的用法错误.

2.连词but,and,or, so和although等的用法错误.

1.I meant to write long letter and tell you all the

things I’m doing at the school…

2.She was smiling but nodding at me.

a

and

九、冠词、连词常光顾

Today I was having a PE lesson while I fell down and hurt my foot.

An Australian farmer found the kangaroo caught in the fence around his farms.

He thought the poor animal was injured, but the kind farmer

took off his jacket and put on the animal.

when

and / so

2016年短文改错汇编

Passage 1 (2016·全国Ⅰ)

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线()划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

My uncle is the owner of a restaurant close to that I live. Though not very big, but the Restaurant is popular in our area. It is always crowded with customers at meal times. Some People even had to wait outside. My uncle tells me that the key to his success is honest . Every day he makes sure that fresh vegetables or high quality oil are using for cooking. My uncle says that he never dreams becoming rich in the short period of time. Instead, he hopes that our business will grow steady .

2016年短文改错汇编 Passage 1 (2016·全国Ⅰ)

My uncle is the owner of a restaurant close to that I live.

Though not very big, but the Restaurant is popular in our

area. It is always crowded with customers at meal times.

Some People even had to wait outside. My uncle tells me

that the key to his success is honest .

have

where

honesty

Every day he makes sure that fresh vegetables or high quality oil are using for cooking. My uncle says that he never dreams becoming rich in the short period of time. Instead, he hopes that our business will grow steady .

^

of

his

steadily

and

used

Passage 2(2016·全国Ⅱ)

The summer holiday is coming. My classmates and I are talking about how to do during the holiday. We can chose between staying at home and take a trip. If we stay at home, it is comfortable but there is no need to spend money. But in that case, we will learn little about world. If we go on a trip abroad, we can broaden your view and gain knowledges we cannot get from books. Some classmates suggest we can go to places of interest nearby. I thought that it is a good idea. It does not cost many, yet we can still learn a lot.

(Passage 2(2016·全国Ⅱ)

The summer holiday is coming. My classmates and I are talking about how to do during the holiday. We can chose between staying at home and take a trip. If we stay at home, it is comfortable but there is no need to spend money.

what

choose

taking

and

But in that case, we will learn little about world. If we go on a trip abroad, we can broaden your view and gain knowledges we cannot get from books. Some classmates suggest we can go to places of interest nearby. I thought that it is a good idea. It does not cost many, yet we can still learn a lot.

^

the

our

knowledge

think

much

Passage 3 (2016·全国Ⅲ)

The teenage year from 13 to 19 were the most difficult time for me. They were also the best and worse years in my life. At the first, I thought I knew everything and could make decisions by yourself. However, my parents didn't seem to think such. They always tell me what to do and how to do it. At one time, I ever felt my parents couldn't understand me so I hoped I could be freely from them. I showed them I was independent by wear strange clothes. Now I am leaving home to college. At last, I will be on my own, but I still want to have my parents to turn to whenever need help.

Passage 3 (2016·全国Ⅲ)

The teenage year from 13 to 19 were the most difficult time for me. They were also the best and worse years in my life. At the first, I thought I knew everything and could make decisions by yourself. However, my parents didn't seem to think such. They always tell me what to do and how to do it.

years

worst

myself

so

told

At one time, I ever felt my parents couldn't understand me so I hoped I could be freely from them. I showed them I was independent by wear strange clothes. Now I am leaving home to college. At last, I will be on my own, but I still want to have my parents to turn to whenever need help.(Passage 3 (2016·全国Ⅲ)②)

free

wearing

for

^

【2015·新课标全国I】

When I was a child, I hoped to live in the city. I think I would be happy there. Now I am living in a city, but I miss my home in countryside. There the air is clean or the mountains are green. Unfortunately, on the development of industrialization, the environment has been polluted. Lots of studies have been shown that global warming has already become a very seriously problem. The airs we breathe in is getting dirtier and dirtier. Much rare animals are dying out. We must found ways to protect your environment. If we fail to do so, we’ll live to regret it.

【2015·新课标全国I】

When I was a child, I hoped to live in the city. I think I would be

happy there. Now I am living in a city, but I miss my home in

countryside. There the air is clean or the mountains are green.

Unfortunately, on the development of industrialization, the

environment has been polluted.

thought

^

the

and

with

Lots of studies have been shown that global warming has already

become a very seriously problem. The airs we breathe in is

getting dirtier and dirtier. Much rare animals are dying out. We

must found ways to protect your environment. If we fail to do so,

we’ll live to regret it.

serious

air

Many

find

our

【2015·新课标全国II】

One day, little Tony went to a shopping center with his parent. It was very crowded. Tony saw a toy on a shop window. He liked it so very much that he quickly walked into the shop. After looks at the toy for some time, he turned around and found where his parents were missing. Tony was scared and begun to cry. A woman saw him drying and telling him to wait outside a shop. Five minutes later, Tony saw parents. Mom said, “How nice to see you again! Dad and I were terrible worried.” Tony promised her that this would never happen again.

parents

in

looking

that

began

told

the

^

the

terribly

At Christmas Eve, Jim went with his father to choose a

Christmas tree. They choose a big one. It was almost as

taller as the room! They put them in the corner of the

sitting room. Jim was covered it with a lot of Christmas

light. The sitting room looked really beautifully at the

moment. There was a fire burning in the fire place, but

the Christmas tree lights were shinning brightly. Jim and

his parents singing and dancing happily.

Exercise

At Christmas Eve, Jim went with his father to choose a

Christmas tree. They choose a big one. It was almost as

taller as the room! They put them in the corner of the

sitting room. Jim was covered it with a lot of Christmas

light. The sitting room looked really beautifully at the

moment. There was a fire burning in the fire place, but

the Christmas tree lights were shinning brightly. Jim and

his parents singing and dancing happily.

Exercise

At Christmas Eve, Jim went with his father to

choose a Christmas tree.

They choose a big one.

It was almost as taller as the room!

They put them in the corner of the sitting room

____

on

_________

chose

_______

tall

_______

it

动词形

介词短语常常考,习惯用法要记住

还要注意形和副

代词格,细领悟

Jim was covered it with a lot of Christmas light.

The sitting room looked really beautifully at the moment.

There was a fire burning in the fire place, but the

Christmas tree lights were shinning brightly.

Jim and his parents singing and dancing happily.

_______

lights

_____________

beautiful

____

and

were

动词形

还要注意形和副

动词形

名词数

冠词连词须关注

Practice makes perfect. [谚] 熟能生巧

Homework:

Finish Exercise paper

[2014·新课标全国卷Ⅰ

Nearly five years before, and with the help by our father, my sister and I planted some cherry tomatoes(圣女果) in our back garden. Since then—for all these year—we had been allowing tomatoes to self-seed where they please. As result, the plants are growing somewhere. The fruits are small in size, but juicy and taste. There are so much that we often share them with our neighbours.Although we allow tomato plants to grow in the same place year after year, but we have never had any disease or insect attack problems. We are growing wonderfully tomatoes at no cost!

ago

of

have

^

everywhere

tasty

many

wonderful

years

yet

高考短文改错的考察方式

Unnecessary word

Missing word

Wrong word

1.I can go to home now.

2. I like playing piano.

the

3.I am fond at English.

of

Basic informatiion

An article usually consists of ___________words.There are________errors in the article: _______missing word,__________unnessary words and _______wrong words.There are at most _________errors in a sentence.

相关资源

外研版选修十一英语目录

Module 1 The Boston Tea Party

Module 2 The Long Walk to Freedom

Module 3 Ernest Hemingway

Module 4 Sherlock Holmes

Module 5 The Last Laugh

Module 6 The United Nations

Module 7 Revision

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