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内容介绍

抓主旨

明细节

猜词义

做推断

How to get the main idea?

二轮是提高

二轮是突破

1.Learn how to grasp the main idea of a passage.

Teaching Aim

主旨题的考查(全国新课标)

2016

文章标题

文章主题

段落大意

2015

2014

2013

2012

阅读中主旨大意题的题型分类

主旨题

标题类

段落主旨

文章主旨

设问

大意类

1. 段落主旨类试题常见的题干形式

(1) The main idea of the second paragraph probably is that .

(2) What is the last paragraph chiefly concerned with?

(3) Which of the following can best summarize Paragraph one?

(4) What’s the main idea discussed in the first paragraph?

(5)What is the main idea of the last but one paragraph?

(体现针对性, 避免张冠李戴)

2. 文章主旨类试题常见的题干形式

(1) What is the passage mainly about?

(2) The passage talks about ...

(3) The passage tells us that ...

(4) This passage mainly deals with ...

(5) What’s the main idea / topic of the passage?

(体现全面性, 避免以偏概全)

3.标题类试题常见的题干形式

(1) The best title for this passage is .

(2) The suitable headline for this passage may be

(3) The title that best expresses the idea of the passage is .

(4) Which of the following can be the best title of this passage?

(体现概括性, 避免远离主题)

主旨题解题技巧之一

I. How to get the main idea of a paragraph?

小试牛刀

1. In modern society there is a great deal of argument about competition. Some value it highly, believing that it is responsible for social progress and prosperity. Others say that competition is bad,that it sets one person against another; that it leads to unfriendly relationship between people.

2.On the Internet, we can read news at home and abroad and get as much information as we can. We often send e-mails or make telephone calls to our families as well as to our friends by Internet. What’s more, we can go to school on the net, read a lot of books and even teach ourselves foreign languages. We also enjoy music, watch ball matches on the net and play computer games. With the help of the net, we can do shopping even without leaving our homes. The Internet is playing a more and more important part in our daily life.

3. If you ask most people to explain why they like someone when they first meet, they will tell you it is because of the person’s personality, intelligence, or sense of humour. But they are probably wrong. The characteristic that most impress people when meeting for the first time is physical appearance. Although it may seem unfair, attractive people are frequently preferred over less attractive ones.

An Eskimo(爱斯基摩) baby who was brought up by American parents would speak English, hate castor(蓖麻) oil, and act like any other American child : and an American baby who was brought up by an Eskimo family would grow up to be a seal(海豹) hunter, to like eating blubber(鲸) and to speak Eskimo.

Paragraph Structures

Types

The position of the topic sentence

in the beginning

in the end

In the middle

no topic sentence

II. How to get the main idea of a passage?

触类旁通

习题见学案

说明文

议论文

记叙文

新闻报道

中心贯穿全文

中间

结尾

开头

√较常见

√较少见

√较常见

√ 较常见

文章标题---”选帽原则”

1.概括性---短小精悍,多为一短语

2.全面性---范围要恰当,不大不小

3.针对性

标题类

A. X-ray Detectives

B.Creative uses of Technolody

C.Forgery Studies

D. X-ray Painting Techniques

能力升华

主旨题解题技巧之二

A. X-ray Detectives

B.Creative uses of Technolody

C.Forgery Studies

D. X-ray Painting Techniques

主旨大意题干扰项设置特点

1.主题扩大(缩小)

2.以偏概全

3.无中生有

4.张冠李戴

What have you learned today?

The main idea

the position of topic sentence

the characteristics of wrong choices

要找主旨并不难,

主题句里去发现,

文章主题多首尾,

段落主题中也见,

若找主题有困难,

概括全文去提炼。

Have a summary

Homework

Finish the following article.

LAST TIPPut yourself in the writer’s shoes!

Practice Makes Perfect

相关资源

外研版选修十一英语目录

Module 1 The Boston Tea Party

Module 2 The Long Walk to Freedom

Module 3 Ernest Hemingway

Module 4 Sherlock Holmes

Module 5 The Last Laugh

Module 6 The United Nations

Module 7 Revision

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