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“选修十一外研版7.4Module 7 Revision——Reading and writing优秀钱柜娱乐777平台课件”由人教版教师资源网精心整理,注册即可下载!

内容介绍

书信写作

----高考书面表达应试指导

写作的基本要素 ● 硬件 ● 软件 ● 写作模板 ● 置换

硬件 ● 英语的基本句型、习惯句型和特殊句型 ● 定语三剑客 ● 被动语态 ● 连接成分 ● 插入语句型、省略句等高级句型 ● 名人名言、习语和谚语的使用

基本句型S+V The bell rang.S+V+O They are painting the wall.S+V+L(表语) The food tastes delicious.S+V+O(间接)+O(直接) I gave him a book.S+V+O+C (直接) We elected her our monitor.

习惯句型1.How are you doing ? 2.Would you please do…?3. I’d like to do…; 4. What about doing …? 5. I learned/am told that…; 6. I would appreciate it if…; 7.When it comes to…; 8.As is known to us…; 9. The reason why…is that…; 10.As far as I’m concerned…;11.The more…,the more…; 12.There is no doubt that…; 13.There is no denying …; 14.I have no idea …;15.It is 动词的过去分词 that…; 16. Faced with…; 17.Considering that…; 18.非谓语动词短语,句子主体;19. Please write me back at your earliest convenience.20.looking forward to hearing from you soon.

特殊句型 ● There be句型 ● There be句型变体 There lives/stands/exists等; ● only、only if 或not only…but also… 引起的倒装句; ● 省略句; ● 虚拟语气 ● “三位一体”=倒装+省略+虚拟语气 ● 强调句型; ● 感叹句;

定语三剑客 非谓语动词短语The book written by John Lennon is fantastic. 介词短语 The man with his face covered is my brother. 定语从句 The school which was built 20 years ago is still new enough. 多种定语组合 People who cheat themselves are more aggressive than those cheating others.

被动语态 We are going to hold a speech contest next week.(主动语态) A speech contest will be held next week.(被动语态)

连接成分1. 以and 为代表的连词;2. 表层次顺序的first, second, third, finally; to begin with, and then, after that, last but not(the) least等;3.表递进强调的besides, what’s more, in addition, furthermore, similarly, as well as, not only…,but also; 4.表转折对比比较的however, instead, otherwise, on the contrary, at the same time, in the same way, similarly 等;5.表结果的as a result/consequence, thus, therefore, consequently, in other words等; 6.表举例解说的for example, for instance, such as,等; 7.表原因的because of, owing to, due to, the reason why/for等; 8.表总结的in short, in a nutshell, in a word, inconclusion, in brief, to sum up, to conclude等;

评注性状语actually, certainly, clearly, definitely, possibly,obviously, unexpectedly, undoubtedly, fortunately,luckily, hopefully, certainly, generally speaking,strictly speaking, frankly speaking, to be honest, to tell the truth, to one’s joy/surprise/disappointed etc., as we all know, what’s worse, believe it or not, after all, as a matter of fact 等。

插入语句型、省略句等高级句型 ● They suggest, however, fees should be charged low. ● Meimei, a girl of thirteen, has been learning to ride a bicycle for several days. ● If not well organized, the meeting will be a failure.

名人名言、习语和谚语的使用 常用来引出这些的表达方式有: As sb. puts it, ...; As the old saying goes,…; As the proverb says,…

软件 应该说所有的英语词汇都是写作的软件,但这部分主要提出的是高级的词汇短语,由于采用对照的方法使用起来更加方便,所以这部分的高级词汇及短语我们在第三部分置换中再提及。本部分只涉及一些高频动宾搭配短语及变通性表达问题。

高频动宾搭配 to hold the forum 举行论坛 to host the forum 主持论坛?to deliver a speech 做演讲 to launch their action 开始行动 relieve stress 释放压力 achieve one’s achievement 实现梦想 meet one’s need 满足某人的需要 promote mutual understanding 促进相互理解 form/cultivate the habit of doing… 养成…习惯 draw ( arrive at, come to reach ) a conclusion 得出结论

弯转表达 软件的另外一方面体现在恰当达意的变通性表达。这里向大家推荐一下“弯转”表达这一策略。具体就是将某一表达有困难的句子进行意义分解,然后进行表达。

回避的表达 ↗主观上躲起来回避→避免见到某人 ↘此人是你不想见到的所以“回避”就可以表达为: hide oneself in order to avoid seeing someone that you don’t want to see

写作模板首段: 自我介绍 写信背景 写信目的中间段:具体问题 具体分析末段: 补充信息 期待套话

自我介绍:(How are you doing?熟人间)I’ LiHua, a 16-year old student currently studying in YuCai high school,(who is crazy about…). 写作背景:I learned in your micro-blog that…写作目的:As a consequence, I’ m writing to apply for the position/job…(求职信);to give you some suggestions on…(建议信); to extend my gratitude to you (感谢信) ; to invite you to be our guest(邀请信)to inform you some relevant details(告知信); to ask you to do me a favour/a favour(求助信);

具体问题+具体分析 There are two main reasons why I’m fit for the job. For one thing,….For another…Thanks for your letter. Hopefully, the chance will be offered to me. If so, I would devote all my effort to your company. (求职信); The suggestions are as follows: You are supposed to do…; It is advised that…; Why not do…; If I were you, I would …;It is high time that you did …(建议信); Whenever I recall those days, I just can’t help thinking you. (感谢信);

here are some relevant details about this activity:1234..;The theme of the activity is…,which is undoubtedly meaningful and entertaining. The activity will be in Room 402 from 2:00-4:00 on the afternoon of June30th. First,…. And then,…, after that…, finally…, You are supposed to do…; if you need any further information, please send an E-mail to [email protected] or call me at 12345678;(邀请信); . First,…. And then,…, after that…, finally….Would you be so kind as to tell me sth. about…(告知信) In terms of …,I have some difficulty with…(求助信)

补充信息+期待套话 Hopefully, the chance will be offered to me. If so, I would devote all my effort to your company. (求职信). Hopefully, these suggestions will be of great help to you.(建议信) Thanks for your letter.(感谢信) I would appreciate it if you can come to participate.(邀请信) If you have other questions, don’t hesitate to ask me.(告知信) It’s an honour for me to help you out.(求助信) I’m looking forward to your reply at your earliest convenience.(所有信件)

置换 顾名思义,就是用硬件(高级语法结构以及有效的连接成分)和软件(高级词汇短语或弯转表达)将初稿中较低级的对应内容人为地替换下来,以达到提高文章档次的作用

置换三原则 ● 前面填一些 ●后面补一些 ●中间改一改

词汇置换用make use of替代use,用catch sight of替代see,用pay a visit to替代visit,用go on替代happen,用of importance替代important,用be supposed to替代should,用I come up with a good idea替代I have a good idea等,用on替换as soon as,用due to替换because of,用around the corner 替换 coming soon/ nearby用be of + n. 替换adj.due to替换because of 用can not but / can not help but替换have to do用be caught up in/be crazy about/be absorbed in/be addicted to替换be interested in 用more than替换very 用consist of替be made up of 用spare no efforts to do替换try one’s best to do用as a matter of fact 替换in fact 等等

高级句型置换非谓语动词When I was faced with?so?many?problems?,I?was?on?the?edge?of?cliff.Faced?with?so?many?problems?,?I?was?on?the?edge?of?cliff.定语从句They?came?to?a?place?. they had never paid a visit there before.They?came?to?a?place?,?to?which?they?had?never?paid?a?visit?before.倒装句We can live a better life only in this way.Only in this way can we live a better life.强调句My confidence and determination led to my success.It is my confidence and determination that led to my success.独立主格Because there are so much work filling my mind, I almost break down.With so much work filling my mind, I almost break down.?

具体操作步骤1.审题 ----人称、时态和题材2.列出要点(写出句子)3.按照模板草拟初稿4.置换

2012 假设你是李华。你班同学决定为小名举办生日聚会。请你写信邀请外教Susan参加。2013 假定你是李华,自制了一些中国结(Chinese knot)。给开网店的美国朋友Tom写封信,请他代卖。2014 一家英语报社向中学生征文,主题是 “十年后的我 ”。请根据下列要点和你的畅想完成短文。2015 假设你是李华,计划和同学去敬老院陪老人们 过重阳 节(the Double Ninth Festival)。请给外教露西写封邮件,邀她一同前往。 2016 假定你是李华,你校摄影俱乐部(photography club)将举办国际中学摄影展。请给你的英国朋友Peter写封信。请他提供作品。

专家预测2017 假设你是李华,是英才中学学生会主席。你们学校打算于2017年9月1日举办一次关于英国文学史的论坛。请你写一封信,邀请北京外国语大学的张教授参加并让他 给大家做英语戏剧发展史的报告。内容要点如下:1.活动的目的和意义;2.活动的内容;3.活动地点。注意:1词数100左右; 2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

Dear Mr. Zhang, I’m Lihua, Chairman of the Students’ Union of Yingcai high school . I’m writing to invite you to participate in our forum. Aimed at arouse the interests for English study, our school is scheduled to hold a forum on the history of English literature, which will deepen the understanding of foreign culture. The students in our school will be requested to present what they know about it and will share some knowledge in this area. The activity will be held in the school hall at 8:00 am. in the morning on September30th and will last for two hours . Hopefully, you can come and deliver a speech on the history of the English theatre development. Looking forward to your reply at your earliest convenience. Yours Lihua

相关资源

外研版选修十一英语目录

Module 1 The Boston Tea Party

Module 2 The Long Walk to Freedom

Module 3 Ernest Hemingway

Module 4 Sherlock Holmes

Module 5 The Last Laugh

Module 6 The United Nations

Module 7 Revision

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