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高考英语语法复习

By lirongrong

老习啊,知道啥叫非谓语形式不?

就这小样----,还想难住我?

主讲课题:非谓语动词(分词作定语)

-ed,-ing, as Attributive

学校:绛县中学

学课:英语

主讲人:李荣荣

非谓语动词

现在分词(-ing)

过去分词(-ed)

动词变身

分词作定语

用分词修饰名词

Kentucky Fried Chicken

fried

fried chicken

fry

past participle(过去分词)

past participle

(done)

passive

(被动)

finished

(完成)

heart

broken heart

egg

boil

boiled egg

desert vt. 遗弃

deserted houses

fallen leaves

fallen snow

a sunken ship

sink-sank-sunken

A used car cheaper than a new car.

成分对等,作定语

单个过去分词(done)

位置:名词前

作用:修饰名词

关系:被动和完成

This is a call phone.

It was made in China.

This is a cell phone made in China.

过去分词短语(done+别的词)

位置:名词后

作用:修饰名词

关系:被动或完成

这是一幅达芬奇画的画儿。(paint, Da Vinci)

This is a picture painted by Da Vinci.

人们喜欢两千年前修建的长城。

People like the Great Wall built 2000 years ago.

注意:

left(剩下的)修饰名词------------后置

He is the only person left.

This is all the money left.

SUMMARY

过去分词做定语(done)

位置:单词前置(除left),短语后置

作用:修饰名词

关系:被动或完成

falling water

present participle

(doing)

active

主动

not finished

进行

present participle

现在分词

a sleeping baby

bloomming flowers

bloom v.(花)开

单个现在分词(doing)

位置:名词前

作用:修饰名词

关系:主动或进行

There is a cat looking at itself in the mirror.

现在分词短语(doing+别的词)

位置:名词后

作用:修饰名词

关系:主动或进行

一些诗人,称蝴蝶为飞舞的花朵。(poet;call sth.sth.;)

Some poets called butterflies”flying flowers”

你认识和我姐姐谈话的那个人吗?

Do you know the man talking with my sister?

SUMMARY

分词做定语(doing; done)

位置:单词前置,短语后置

作用:修饰名词

关系:doing----------主动进行

done-----------被动完成

Exercises

一个解决了得问题

(solve)

a solved problem

冷冻食品

(freeze-froze-frozen)

frozen food

Exercises2

分词短语作定语

Tell the children ________(play)there not to make so much noise.

Did you see the man _______(talk) to the manager?

I used to live in a room _______(face)south.

The house ___________(stand)at the corner of the street was built in 1955.

playing

talking

=who was talking

=who are playing there

facing

= which faced

= that stands

standing

总结:

现在分词作定语:a.表示正在进行的动作

b.表示经常性的动作或现在/当时的状态。

Is this the book _____________(recommend)by our teacher?

The meeting ________(hold)last week is very important.

I hate to see letters ________(write) in pencil.

recommended

held

written

总结:

过去分词作定语:表示被动

动词变身

分词作定语

用分词修饰名词

SUMMARY

分词做定语(doing; done)

位置:单词前置,短语后置

作用:修饰名词

关系:doing----------主动进行

done-----------被动完成

SUMMARY

Thanks a lot!

相关资源

外研版选修十一英语目录

Module 1 The Boston Tea Party

Module 2 The Long Walk to Freedom

Module 3 Ernest Hemingway

Module 4 Sherlock Holmes

Module 5 The Last Laugh

Module 6 The United Nations

Module 7 Revision

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